As ever with Brexit, there are quite a few other ways to interpret that query. Formally, Brexit was completed on January 31, 2020, when the UK formally left the European Union and entered the transition interval, which is ready to run out on the finish of this 12 months.
Though Brexit had occurred, the transition interval meant that the UK remained within the EU’s orbit with a view to stop an abrupt finish to commerce between the 2.
For Brexiteers, this meant that the UK had solely left in identify and the long run relationship — the commerce deal which has been agreed on Thursday — must guarantee far higher sovereignty for the UK.
All through the negotiations, hardline British Euroskeptics argued that the EU was making an attempt to entice the UK into remaining in its orbit on a extra everlasting foundation and heaped stress on the federal government to barter as pure a Brexit as attainable.
The Christmas Eve deal implies that this debate is basically over. There may be, within the quick time period, nothing left to argue about and no urge for food to enter into additional talks.
As Ursula Von Der Leyen, President of the EU Fee, stated after the deal was agreed, “we need to go away Brexit behind.”
Nevertheless, she additionally shone a light-weight on what difficulties may nonetheless come within the following years.
What occurs now?
Von Der Leyen talked about the authorized process that the EU needed to launch towards the UK after Brussels believed the federal government in London had breached a part of the primary Brexit deal agreed final 12 months.
After the tensions over the previous 12 months, it’s virtually inevitable that the EU will closely scrutinize whether or not the UK is sticking to the phrases it has signed as much as within the deal. If that reaches the purpose of instructing legal professionals, then Brexit has been such a hot-button points it’s extremely possible debates round sovereignty will return.
Nevertheless, this deal is probably going simply the start line for what’s going to evolve into a brand new relationship.
The UK continues to be a European nation and it’s inevitable that points will come up on which it must work with Brussels. On a few of these points it should need to go its personal approach, on others it will not.
EU membership was about way over the commerce of products. And the divisive nature of Brexit implies that there’ll at all times be a political argument for the UK work extra intently with Europe in areas past commerce. The Covid-19 pandemic has proved instance of how cooperation with the EU on procurement of PPE or medical tools, for instance, could be advantageous. Every new difficulty will create political pressure between Euroskeptics and Europhiles.
Brexit may be over, however the UK can not escape its geography. As the 2 companions fortunately drift into their new roles on the world stage, it’s inconceivable that they might be capable to ignore each other as they achieve this.